MINERAL INDUSTRY IN THAILAND

Over the past decade, the mineral industry of Thailand had been characterized by a relatively stable and small share of the country’s gross domestic product of not more than 3 percent. The value added originated therefrom was concentrated among few mineral products, both in terms of output, consumption and exports. It is no exception as evidenced by the fact that these only few mineral products, each contributed more than one billion baths and altogether represented around 85 percent of the total value of mineral produced in the year.

A small number of mineral products in the country’s mining portfolio has created volatility in the industry. This is especially true when two of the country’s major contributors, namely tin and zinc are subjected to the international pricing which recently has witnessed a sharp fluctuation in their prices. However, with an increasing in the domestic demand for the mineral products in general and expectedly in the future, the phenomenon should help safeguard the impact of international events and thus prices that might adversely affect the performance of the Thai mineral industry.

Workshop on ASEAN Mineral Database and Information System was held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia in 26-29 June 2012. The total participants are 50 persons consist of participants from Brunei Darussalam, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, CCOP. The subjects in the training are: Review of Existing ASEAN Mineral Trade and Resources Database; The recent trends in geoinformation management and services among the major geological surveys worldwide; Mineral Resources Database of Japan; Review of WMS and PostGIS for ASEAN Mineral Database; Web Based Updating/ Inputing of Data to ASEAN Mineral Database; Web Based Queries and Downloading of ASEAN Mineral Database; Introduction of a new OGC Based portal of ASEAN Mineral Database; Editing WMS Clients and ASEAN Mineral Database Portal.

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The 3rd Training Program on Mineral Database for ASEAN (ENMD) was held in Tokyo, Japan in 18-26 September 2012. The total participants are 22 persons consist of participants from all ASEAN Member States except Brunei Darussalam and Singapore, CCOP. The subjects in the training are: Course Overview; Installation of Web GIS software; Web Service on International Standards; Free Open Source Software For GIS Training on GRASS; Training on data integration, geological map, satellite images and mineral database; Remote Sensing Analysis ; Country Report and Summary.

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The 2nd Training Program on Mineral Database for ASEAN (ENMD) was held in Tokyo and Osaka, Japan in 11-20 January 2012. The total participants are 29 persons consist of participants from all ASEAN Member States except Singapore. The subjects in the training are: Geo-information of the GSJ-AIST; Overview of GEO Grid and Related Technology; Global Mapping Based on the GEOGrid System; Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) Standard Web Service; Data Transfer from Original DB to ASEANDB; New Application to the ASTER G-DEM for Mineral Mapping; Remote Sensing Data Analysis for Mineral Mapping; Free Open Source Software for GIS; Country Report Presentation.

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Abstract
The listening rules of most regional stock exchanges require issuers to consider environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors and publish annual sustainability reports.
Many banks and funding agencies have voluntarily adopted prescribed ESG management frameworks. Equator Principal Financial Institutions currently hold over 70% of project debt in emerging markets, and impose ESG reporting frameworks on their customers.

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